Jacques Cartier's second voyage arrived at Quebec on September 14, 1535. The three ships were called the Grande Hermine, the Petite Hermine, and the Emerillon.
Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) was a French explorer and the first European to map the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence River (1534-1542). He claimed the territory along the St. Lawrence River for France, calling it "Canada", after the Iroquois Indian word "kanata", meaning "village" or "settlement", and he referred to the native inhabitants as "Canadiens". Cartier was also one of the first explorers to formally acknowledge that the New World was a separate land mass from Europe and Asia.
French explorer Jacques Cartier built a fort at the site in 1535, where he stayed for the winter before going back to France in spring 1536. He came back in 1541 with the goal of building a permanent settlement. This first settlement was abandoned less than one year after its foundation, in the summer 1542, due in large part to the hostility of the natives combined with the harsh living conditions during winter.
In the event, Cartier's efforts did not lead immediately to the settlement of this new territory; that would come early in the next century, under the command of Samuel de Champlain.
Last Edit: Jun 22, 2017 12:49:34 GMT -5 by CanStamp
Jean-François de La Pérouse (1741-1788) on a 1942 French stamp issued slightly late for the 200th anniversary of his birth. He was a naval officer who fought, and was wounded, in the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) and again against the British during the American War of Independence. In 1785 he was put in charge of a scientific expedition to sail around the world, building on the discoveries of James Cook. In 1786 he may have witnessed the only recorded eruption in historic times of Mt Shasta in the Cascade Range in California - though this is uncertain. He reached Australia in 1788, and sent despatches home via a British ship. On 10 March he left Botany Bay, and he and his ships were wrecked on reefs in the Solomon Islands.
2019, Portugal, V Centenário da Expediçião Magalhães -Elcano, Afinsa-Mundifil 5154 2019, España, V Centenario de la Expedición Magallanes-Elcano, Edifil 5340
The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas gave Portugal control over the eastern routes around Africa to India and the spice islands of the Moluccas. In 1519, a Spanish expedition departed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River. Its aim was to find the western route to India and the Moluccas around the Americas.
The flagship of the fleet, Trinidad, was captained by the Portuguese explorer Fernão de Magalhães who had previously sailed to the East Indies. On 1 November 1920, All Saint’s Day, the expedition entered the Estrecho de Todos los Santos ("Strait of All Saints") that allowed it to reach the Pacific Ocean. By 1527, it was renamed “Strait of Magellan.”
During the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines on 27 April 1521, Magallen was killed by the natives. The Spanish navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano took command of the carrack Victoria and undertook the journey back to Spain. The Victoria rounded the Cape of Good Hope and set sail to the Cape Verde Islands. The Victoria reached the islands on 9 July 1522. At least, that was the date according to the ship’s log. The actual date was 10 July 1522. On 6 September 1522, Elcano returned to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, completing the first circumnavigation of the world.
A joint issue of Spain and Portugal celebrates the fifth centenary of the start of the Magellan – Elcano Expedition. The miniature sheet shows the carrack Victoria set against the globe. On the sheets appear the effigies of Fernão de Magalhães and Juan Sebastián Elcano. Each sheet contains a € 3.50 stamp centred on one of the two effigies. The Portuguese stamp depicts Fernão de Magalhães and the Spanish stamp depicts Juan Sebastián Elcano.
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