Printer/Quantity: Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited 4 085 500
Creator(s): Horse and landscape engraved by Harold Osborn Figure engraved by Sydney F. Smith Designed by Herman Herbert Schwartz
Historical Notice: This issue of stamps in higher values continues to depict scenes of Canadian interest from coast to coast. A Royal Canadian Mounted Police constable on horseback with a prairie background. The force, organized in 1873, has built a tradition of service, courage, and integrity. First known as the North West Mounted Police, the men confined their duties to the Northwest Territories. The term Royal was prefixed to the title in 1904, and in 1920 the name was changed to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Creator(s): Designed by Michel Dallaire Designed by Jean Morin
Historical Notice: On May 23, 1873, Sir John A. Macdonald made an historic announcement to the House of Commons: the formation of the North-West Mounted Police. It would be the task of this Force to police some 300,000 square miles of wilderness in the Canadian North-West, to suppress the whiskey trade, to calm the growing unrest among the Indians and, in general, to stamp out lawlessness in that vast territory. Fear of the Fenian raids from the south and the possibility of losing the West by default made it imperative that Canada quickly take official possession of the area. July 1874 saw three hundred raw recruits under G.A. French, the first commissioner, set out from Dufferin, Manitoba, across the plains to Old Man's River in what is now southern Alberta. There they constructed Fort Macleod, named for the Assistant Commissioner. The rigorous trek, which is portrayed on the 8¢ stamp, revealed in the men a stamina that augured will. Within a very few months the Indians came to sense the meaning of the scarlet tunic and the motto it represented: "Maintiens le Droit", "Uphold the Right". The North-West Mounted Police made an important contribution to the settlement of the West. The members of the Force soon found themselves in the roles of doctor, counsellor and friend to the influx of settlers that followed in their tracks. They were also called upon to prove themselves in dealing with Sitting Bull, who had fled to Canada after his battle with Custer, in the skirmishes of the North West Rebellion, and in the stampede of prospectors to the Yukon during the Gold Rush. In 1904 the Force became the Royal North-West Mounted Police and in 1920 the Royal Canadian Mounted Police received its present name. Today, the R.C.M.P. is responsible for the enforcement of all Federal statutes throughout Canada and for national security. It is the only police force in the Northwest and Yukon Territories, and enforces the Criminal Code of Canada and provincial statutes in all provinces except Ontario and Quebec. The 1930's saw the establishment of the present marine and air divisions, the dog section and the first of five crime detection laboratories. In these laboratories trained staff engage in the most advanced techniques of police science. The spectrograph, which is the subject of the 10¢ stamp, is a device which computes the visual spectrum of a substance as a method of identification. The Force's world-famous Musical Ride, which is the subject of the 15¢ stamp, was established in 1887, although the first ride was performed in 1876. Today the Ride is usually performed by a troop of 32 men on black horses which are bred on a special ranch near Ottawa. Some of the intricate movements they execute are the Bridal Arch, the Shanghai Cross, the Wagon Wheel and the Charge. The dress by which the Force is universally recognized is "Review Order" - felt hat, scarlet tunic, blue breeches, long boots and spurs, gloves and full Sam Browne sidearm equipment. Normal duties, however, see the Mounted Policeman clad in a brown jacket, blue trousers, black shoes and a cloth cap.
Creator(s): Designed by Steven Slipp Based on a photograph by William James Topley
Historical Notice: June 13th marks the anniversary of one of the most dramatic and famous eras in the Canadian history - a time that filled the minds of a nation with visions of riches, and the pocket of every card shark and barkeeper west of the Rockies with cold hard cash. Canada Post marks the discovery of gold in the Yukon with the release of five domestic rate stamps. Design of the series was accomplished by the talented Steven Slipp of Halifax. Steven's designs are both elegant and nostalgic, reminding us of a time when adventurers risked it all for a shot at finding the motherlode. The legendary North West Mounted Police and the Yukon Field Force maintained good order in Canadian Territory. Law and Order, the third stamp in our series, is a tribute to those officers, well represented by Superintendent Sam Steel, a man who could neither be bought nor intimidated. The model of the Canadian Mountie, Steele stands in front of a group of Mounted Police officers at the Yukon-Alaska border where the flags of both nations fly. The great drama of the Yukon gold rush has never been forgotten - an important chapter of the history of Canada. This summer, as centennial celebrations throughout the West recall those thrilling days 100 years ago, collectors can remember with this inspiring and evocative Yukon Gold Discovery Commemorative series.
The following 2003 cover contains stamps from the Tourist Attractions series. The stamp at the right of the top row shows RCMP cadets on parade at the RCMP Training Academy here in Regina, Saskatchewan. That stamp is Scott # 1989c.
Printer/Quantity: Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited 9 024 000 Perforation: 13 x 13.5
Creator(s): Designed by Tom Bjarnason Engraved by Yves Baril
Historical Notice: Many sailors never encounter ice, except in a cold drink. Canadian mariners, on the other hand, contend with everything from towering icebergs to an entire ocean frozen for most of the year. These vessels were developed to combat the mighty forces of winter. Needing a vessel to provision its far northern posts, the RCMP ordered the "St. Roch" from the Burrard Dry Dock Company. Constructed of thick Douglas fir timbers and sheathed with durable Australian gumwood, she had toughness, but with only a 150- horsepower diesel engine, she generated less horsepower than many modern cars. Furthermore, she rolled wickedly and boasted few comforts. Yet from 1928 to 1948, she acted as an Arctic supply vessel and a floating police station. To protect Canadian sovereignty and to emulate the achievement of his hero Roald Amundsen, Henry Larsen sailed the ship east through the Northwest Passage in 1940-42 and west in 1944. Transport aircraft eventually supplanted the "St. Roch" and now, fully restored, she inhabits a Vancouver museum. The 1978 Ice Vessels stamps present an interesting contrast of vessels old and new combating their natural enemy, ice. From the ice- scrubbed sides of the "Labrador" to the round-hulled "Northern Light", belching smoke while trying to develop enough power to force her way through the pack, Tom Bjarnason's designs are authentic. The set is enlivened by the colour typography, the cheerful colour of the "Chief Justice Robinson's" hull and the bright signal flags of the "St. Roch" on trials. The delicate black steel engraving is appropriate to both the rigging of the early vessels and the complex lattice mast, radar antennas and aerials of the modern "Labrador".
The following Canadian stamp is Scott # 1109. It depicts NWMP member James F. Macleod. The stamp is one of two commemorating "Peacemakers of the Prairies". The other stamp that is not shown is of Chief Crowfoot.
Printer/Quantity: Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited 7 000 000 Perforation: 13 x 13.5
Creator(s): Designed by Jean Morin Designed by Wanda Lewicka
Historical Notice: The explosive conditions on the southwestern prairies in the 1870s could have led to war. Two men of great stature, Crowfoot and James Macleod, preserved the peace. James F. Macleod (1836-1894), lawyer, militiaman and Assistant Commissioner of the North West Mounted Police, arrived in the troubled area in 1874. He and his men expelled the whiskey traders and, despite the prejudices of the age, administrated the law with impartiality. Macleod thus gained Crowfoot's respect, confidence and friendship. The Blackfoot people consequently supported the Mounted Police, and signed a treaty with Canada in 1877. The complex association of Crowfoot and Macleod has been captured by Montreal graphic designers Wanda Lewicka and Jean Morin in a pair of se tenant stamp which connect opposing portraits of the two men on a common background. The designs are based on photographs in the collection of the Glenbow Archives. The photograph of Crowfoot was taken by Alexander Ross in 1887.
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