Eric Bloodaxe was a Viking who was for a time king of Norway until he was expelled because of his harsh rule. The story of his life is very uncertain, with widely conflicting accounts in the written sources, but he had a couple of brief spells as (probably joint) king of Northumbria in Northern England, only to be expelled again in 954, being killed soon after. The circumstances of his death are as uncertain as his life history: some sources say he died in battle in NW England, others that he was killed in Spain; and there is quite a possibility that he was assassinated in Northern England. In 1955 Lundy Island (between SW England and Wales) issued these two local stamps portraying Eric.
A Viking longship, on the highest value of the 1973 first definitive set from the Isle of Man. The Vikings began to settle in the Isle of Man in the 8th century, and as a result, it came to be ruled by the kings of Norway. In 1266 Magnus VI of Norway ceded it to Scotland. From 1290 it was disputed between England and Scotland, and it was not until 1346 that the Isle of Man came definitively under the control of English monarchs.
Manx crosses from the Viking period on a 1978 set of Isle of Man stamps. You can find similar crosses in Ireland, Scotland and parts of England. The ornate decoration is heavily influenced by celtic motifs.
A 1982 Europa stamp from Iceland commemorating the first permanent Norse settlement on mainland Iceland in 874, with a sacred post being cast into the sea. Celtic monks had settled in Iceland long before that. The first Norse settlement was at what is now Reykjavik, and the settlers were Ingólfr Arnatson and Hallveig Frodesdatter.
The other stamp from the 1982 Icelandic Europa set commemorates the Viking discovery of Vinland, probably in about 986 CE. There are conflicting accounts in the Icelandic sagas about the finding of Vinland.
This 2000 souvenir sheet from Iceland commemorates the 1000th anniversary of the Viking discovery of North America. The top two stamps show a statue of Thorfinn Karlsefru, an early settler in Vinland, and a Viking longship; the bottom two show a longship, and Leif Ericsson (who led the expedition which discovered Vinland) with part of a globe.
A Viking longship on a 1940 overprint, to commemorate the New York world fair, of a 1939 stamp showing a Viking longship against a map of the North Atlantic. As followers of this thread will know, Leif Eriksson, whose name appears on the stamp, led the first Viking expedition to Vinland.
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